1990 – 1999

All events for 1990 – 1999
Aerial picture of the Soo Locks (downriver view) — in Michigan between Lake Superior and Lake Huron
1990

A national controversy ignites in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario

The City adopts a municipal resolution, declaring itself to be unilingual English.
1990

Saskatchewan creates its Francophone Affairs Branch

The Francophone Affairs Branch serves as a liaison between the provincial government and the Fransaskois community.
Commission scolaire de langue française's logo
1990

Prince Edward Island gives the Commission scolaire de langue française the right to administer French-language schools

The Commission scolaire de langue française is now responsible for governing French-language education.
1990

The failure of the Meech Lake Accord has a major impact on relations between English-and French-speaking Canadians

The Accord, which is an agreement between the federal and provincial governments to amend the 1982 Constitution so that Quebec would accept it, fails at the same time as Quebec’s sovereignty movement gains momentum.
1990

The Department of the Secretary of State signs the first Canada-community agreement with the Fransaskois community

After Saskatchewan, other provinces and territories will also sign this type of agreement with the federal government.
1990

The Northwest Territories creates the Languages Commissioner position

The Languages Commissioner ensures that the territorial government’s institutions respect the Northwest Territories’ Official Languages Act.
Jeux de l'Acadie Logo
1990

The Jeux de l’Acadie are held outside of New Brunswick for the first time

The Games are held in the region of Mont-Carmel–Wellington, Prince Edward Island.
Sign of the Supreme Court of Canada
1990

The Supreme Court of Canada ruling in the Mahe case recognizes the right of parents belonging to the linguistic minority to manage their own educational institutions, where numbers warrant

The Court stipulates that section 23 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was “designed to correct, on a national scale, the progressive erosion of minority official language groups” and to “remedy past injustices.”
1991

The Official Languages Regulations are adopted

The government adopts the Official Languages (Communications with and Services to the Public) Regulations.
Picture of Victor Goldbloom
1991

Victor Goldbloom is appointed as the fourth Commissioner of Official Languages

An English-speaking Quebecer and therefore from a minority community himself, Commissioner Goldbloom seeks to encourage positive relationships between the two official language communities and becomes involved in all aspects of minority community development.
1991

The Supreme Court of Canada hears new questions regarding the scope of section 23 of the Manitoba Act, 1870

Following the 1985 Reference re Manitoba Language Rights, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that, pursuant to section 23 of the Manitoba Act, 1870, orders in council that are legislative in nature and certain documents incorporated by reference were to be in both official languages.
1991

Nova Scotia adopts a new School Boards Act

The Act enables the creation of French-language school boards.
1992

Manitoba amends Part III of the City of Winnipeg Act

Part III covers the delivery of municipal services in French.
Drapeau franco-ténois
1992

The Franco-Ténois flag is hoisted for the first time in the Northwest Territories

Mostly sky blue, the flag depicts a curved base with a polar bear looking at a symbol that is half fleur-de-lis and half snowflake.
Statue of Louis Riel in front of the Manitoba Legislature.
1992

The House of Commons recognizes Louis Riel as a founder of Manitoba

A resolution is passed recognizing “the unique and historic role of Louis Riel . . . and his contribution in the development of Confederation.”
1992

Canadians vote NO to the Charlottetown Accord

Criticized as a “dog’s breakfast” of constitutional reform, the confusing Charlottetown Accord fails to gain the support of a majority of Canadians.
The Franco-Newfoundland and Labrador flag
May 30, 1992

The Franco-Newfoundland and Labrador flag is raised in front of the Confederation Building in St. John’s for the first time

To commemorate the event, French-speaking communities across the province will celebrate this recognition of their rights every May 30.
Franco-Albertan flag
1993

Franco-Albertans regain control of their schools

Alberta’s School Act is amended to recognize the right of Francophones to manage their own schools.
1993

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is amended

The Charter is amended to include the principles of An Act Recognizing the Equality of the Two Official Linguistic Communities in New Brunswick.
1993

The first French-language educational program on Baffin Island is established

The French-language educational program is established by the Baffin Divisional Board of Education.
Sign of the Supreme Court of Canada
1993

The Supreme Court of Canada confirms the right to minority control over French-language facilities

The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that section 23(3)(b) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms includes both the right to a distinct setting for minority language education and the right of the official language minority to manage and control their educational facilities.
1994

The Division scolaire franco-manitobaine begins operations

The Division scolaire franco-manitobaine was created when Bill 34 was passed in July 1993 to amend the Public Schools Act. The Commission scolaire franco-manitobaine was formed shortly thereafter.
1994

The federal government establishes an accountability framework for official language minority communities

The framework encourages federal institutions to actively contribute to the development of official language minority communities.
1994

The first Ministerial Conference on Francophone Affairs is held

Held during the first Congrès mondial acadien (World Acadian Congress), this Conference provided an opportunity for provincial and territorial ministers responsible for Francophone affairs to discuss common issues.
June 24, 1994

The first Fransaskois school board elections are held

Elections are held in eight communities, from Prince Albert to Gravelbourg.
Logo of Les Essentielles
1995

Non-profit organization Les EssentiElles is created in Yukon

The group represents the interests of French-speaking women in Yukon.
Quebec Community Groups Network Logo
1995

The Quebec Community Groups Network is founded

In 1994, Canadian Heritage brought together 15 Quebec-based regional and sectoral organizations to better manage program and funding priorities. A year later, that group founded the Quebec Community Groups Network.
1996

Recognition of language rights makes progress in Newfoundland and Labrador

The province recognizes the right of Franco-Newfoundlanders and Labradorians to their own French-language school board.
Conseil scolaire acadien's logo
1996

The Conseil scolaire acadien provincial is created in Nova Scotia

It is the only French-language school board in the province.
Logo of the Conseil de développement économique du Manitoba
1996

The Economic Development Council for Manitoba Bilingual Municipalities is founded

The CDEM is the driving force behind economic development in Manitoba’s 17 bilingual municipalities.
1996

The Committee for Canadian Francophonie Human Resources Development is established

The Committee is composed of representatives from several federal institutions and Francophone minority communities.
Logo of Conseil culturel et artistique francophone de la Colombie-Britannique
May 27, 1996

The Conseil culturel et artistique francophone de la Colombie-Britannique is created

The Conseil culturel is the result of discussions between the Fédération des Francophones de la Colombie-Britannique and cultural organizations of the province.
Logo of French for the Future
1997

John Ralston Saul and Lisa Balfour Bowen found French for the Future

Through its national programs, this non-profit organization supports and motivates high school students to live and learn in French.
1997

Quebec seeks to create non-denominational school boards

The province establishes linguistic school boards instead.
Association des francophones du Nunavut's logo
1997

The Association des francophones du Nunavut hosts several sports and cultural events

These include the Partie d’huîtres, which takes place in October.
Blue Metropolis Foundation Logo
1997

The Blue Metropolis Foundation is established in Montréal, Quebec

The Foundation’s mission is to bring people of different cultures together to share in the pleasure of reading and writing.
1997

The Canada-Newfoundland and Labrador Agreement on the management of Francophone schools is signed

The province develops a French-first-language program for Franco-Newfoundlanders and Labradorians who want their children to have French-language instruction.
Judge Richard Chartier
1998

A report is published on Manitoba’s French language services policy

The recommendations in the Chartier Report lead to the adoption of a new French Language Services Policy.
Banner of the Centre du patrimoine in Manitoba
1998

The Centre du patrimoine officially opens in St. Boniface, Manitoba

The Centre is an archives and research centre.
Sign of the Supreme Court of Canada
1998

The Supreme Court of Canada renders its decision in the Reference re Secession of Quebec case

The decision provides new legal tools for protecting the rights of linguistic minorities.
Photo of Dyane Adam
1999

Dyane Adam is appointed as the fifth Commissioner of Official Languages

From the moment she takes office, Commissioner Adam defines her role as an agent of change.
Franco-Albertan flag
1999

Alberta creates the Francophone Secretariat

The provincial government creates the Secretariat in recognition of its French-speaking citizens and its commitment to them.
Prince Edward Island Wordmark
1999

Prince Edward Island passes its first French Language Services Act

The French Language Services Act specifies the extent of French language services to be provided by provincial government institutions.
1999

Nunavut adopts the Northwest Territories’ Official Languages Act

On April 1, 1999, the newly created territory of Nunavut inherits the Northwest Territories’ Official Languages Act.
Logo of Assemblée communautaire fransasksoise
1999

The Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise is rechristened

Members of the Association culturelle franco-canadienne de la Saskatchewan decide on a new name and a new governance structure to represent the Fransaskois community.
1999

The City of Moncton hosts the eighth Sommet de La Francophonie

New Brunswick, Canada’s only officially bilingual province, hosts this international meeting.
Sign of the Supreme Court of Canada
1999

The Beaulac case marks a turning point in the interpretation of language rights

In this case, the Supreme Court of Canada recognizes that institutional bilingualism means “equal access to services of equal quality.”
Logo of Jeux de la francophonie canadienne
1999

The first Jeux de la francophonie canadienne are held

This sports and cultural event is held in the city of Memramcook in southeastern New Brunswick.
Parliament Building
1999

The Interdepartmental Partnership with the Official-Language Communities is created

The Government of Canada sets up the Interdepartmental Partnership to promote long-term development and increase the dynamism of both official language minority communities.