Fast figures on official languages by province and territory (2011)

Newfoundland and Labrador

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 509,945 100.0%
English as mother tounge 498,093 97.7%
French as mother tounge 2,738 0.5%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 9,113 1.8%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 509,950 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 485,740 95.3%
Knowledge of French only 130 0.0%
Knowledge of English and French 23,455 4.6%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 625 0.1%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 509,955 100.0%
English spoken first 507,305 99.5%
French spoken first 2,100 0.4%
Neither English nor French spoken first 550 0.1%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 509,935 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 503,122 98.7%
French spoken most often at home 1,279 0.3%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 5,534 1.1%

Prince Edward Island

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 138,445 100.0%
English as mother tounge 127,990 92.4%
French as mother tounge 5,437 3.9%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 5,017 3.6%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 138,440 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 120,590 87.1%
Knowledge of French only 130 0.1%
Knowledge of English and French 17,005 12.3%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 715 0.5%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 138,435 100.0%
English spoken first 132,948 96.0%
French spoken first 4,813 3.5%
Neither English nor French spoken first 675 0.5%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 138,435 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 132,612 95.8%
French spoken most often at home 2,612 1.9%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 3,212 2.3%

Nova Scotia

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 910,620 100.0%
English as mother tounge 839,077 92.1%
French as mother tounge 32,827 3.6%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 38,717 4.3%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 910,620 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 814,675 89.5%
Knowledge of French only 875 0.1%
Knowledge of English and French 93,435 10.3%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 1,635 0.2%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 910,625 100.0%
English spoken first 878,773 96.5%
French spoken first 30,333 3.3%
Neither English nor French spoken first 1,520 0.2%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 910,615 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 872,378 95.8%
French spoken most often at home 16,966 1.9%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 21,271 2.3%

New Brunswick

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 739,900 100.0%
English as mother tounge 483,817 65.4%
French as mother tounge 236,977 32.0%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 19,105 2.6%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 739,900 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 426,675 57.7%
Knowledge of French only 66,375 9.0%
Knowledge of English and French 245,890 33.2%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 960 0.1%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 739,900 100.0%
English spoken first 503,335 68.0%
French spoken first 235,695 31.9%
Neither English nor French spoken first 870 0.1%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 739,900 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 516,293 69.8%
French spoken most often at home 213,143 28.8%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 10,463 1.4%

Quebec

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 7,815,954 100.0%
English as mother tounge 647,664 8.3%
French as mother tounge 6,164,744 78.9%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 1,003,546 12.8%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 7,815,950 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 363,860 4.7%
Knowledge of French only 4,047,175 51.8%
Knowledge of English and French 3,328,725 42.6%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 76,190 1.0%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 7,815,960 100.0%
English spoken first 1,058,250 13.5%
French spoken first 6,684,130 85.5%
Neither English nor French spoken first 73,580 0.9%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 7,815,952 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 834,949 10.7%
French spoken most often at home 6,344,787 81.2%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 636,217 8.1%

Ontario

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 12,722,065 100.0%
English as mother tounge 8,812,594 69.3%
French as mother tounge 525,959 4.1%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 3,383,506 26.6%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 12,722,070 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 10,984,360 86.3%
Knowledge of French only 42,980 0.3%
Knowledge of English and French 1,395,810 11.0%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 298,920 2.3%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 12,722,065 100.0%
English spoken first 11,886,698 93.4%
French spoken first 542,388 4.3%
Neither English nor French spoken first 292,980 2.3%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 12,722,059 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 10,322,283 81.1%
French spoken most often at home 310,225 2.4%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 2,089,550 16.4%

Information

The Government of Ontario also uses an Inclusive Definition of Francophone.

Manitoba

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 1,193,090 100.0%
English as mother tounge 881,472 73.9%
French as mother tounge 44,815 3.8%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 266,802 22.4%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 1,193,090 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 1,074,335 90.0%
Knowledge of French only 1,485 0.1%
Knowledge of English and French 103,140 8.6%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 14,130 1.2%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 1,193,090 100.0%
English spoken first 1,138,055 95.4%
French spoken first 41,365 3.5%
Neither English nor French spoken first 13,670 1.1%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 1,193,100 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 1,028,199 86.2%
French spoken most often at home 19,669 1.6%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 145,232 12.2%

Saskatchewan

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 1,018,315 100.0%
English as mother tounge 866,345 85.1%
French as mother tounge 17,580 1.7%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 134,390 13.2%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 1,018,310 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 965,920 94.9%
Knowledge of French only 430 0.0%
Knowledge of English and French 46,570 4.6%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 5,390 0.5%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 1,018,310 100.0%
English spoken first 998,880 98.1%
French spoken first 14,290 1.4%
Neither English nor French spoken first 5,140 0.5%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 1,018,320 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 946,343 92.9%
French spoken most often at home 4,891 0.5%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 67,086 6.6%

Alberta

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 3,610,190 100.0%
English as mother tounge 2,809,785 77.8%
French as mother tounge 74,622 2.1%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 725,782 20.1%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 3,610,180 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 3,321,810 92.0%
Knowledge of French only 3,205 0.1%
Knowledge of English and French 235,565 6.5%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 49,600 1.4%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 3,610,185 100.0%
English spoken first 3,490,510 96.7%
French spoken first 71,370 2.0%
Neither English nor French spoken first 48,305 1.3%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 3,610,185 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 3,149,769 87.2%
French spoken most often at home 28,264 0.8%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 432,152 12.0%

British Columbia

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 4,356,205 100.0%
English as mother tounge 3,101,645 71.2%
French as mother tounge 63,760 1.5%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 1,190,800 27.3%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 4,356,200 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 3,912,955 89.8%
Knowledge of French only 2,045 0.0%
Knowledge of English and French 296,645 6.8%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 144,555 3.3%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 4,356,205 100.0%
English spoken first 4,151,713 95.3%
French spoken first 62,193 1.4%
Neither English nor French spoken first 142,300 3.3%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 4,356,200 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 3,587,190 82.3%
French spoken most often at home 20,210 0.5%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 748,800 17.2%

Yukon

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 33,655 100.0%
English as mother tounge 28,307 84.1%
French as mother tounge 1,540 4.6%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 3,807 11.3%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 33,650 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 29,050 86.3%
Knowledge of French only  90 0.3%
Knowledge of English and French 4,415 13.1%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French  95 0.3%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 33,655 100.0%
English spoken first 32,078 95.3%
French spoken first 1,483 4.4%
Neither English nor French spoken first  95 0.3%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 33,655 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 31,306 93.0%
French spoken most often at home 881 2.6%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 1,468 4.4%

Northwest Territories

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 41,035 100.0%
English as mother tounge 31,640 77.1%
French as mother tounge 1,123 2.7%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 8,273 20.2%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 41,035 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 37,040 90.3%
Knowledge of French only  45 0.1%
Knowledge of English and French 3,715 9.1%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 235 0.6%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 41,045 100.0%
English spoken first 39,738 96.8%
French spoken first 1,083 2.6%
Neither English nor French spoken first 225 0.5%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 41,040 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 36,676 89.4%
French spoken most often at home 576 1.4%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 3,788 9.2%

Nunavut

NumberFootnote 2 Percentage (%)
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 1 31,770 100.0%
English as mother tounge 9,090 28.6%
French as mother tounge 440 1.4%
Non-official languages as mother tounge 22,240 70.0%
Total population by knowledge of official languages 31,760 100.0%
Knowledge of English only 27,665 87.1%
Knowledge of French only  35 0.1%
Knowledge of English and French 1,200 3.8%
Knowledge of Neither English nor French 2,860 9.0%
Total population by first official language spokenFootnote 1 31,770 100.0%
English spoken first 28,453 89.6%
French spoken first 478 1.5%
Neither English nor French spoken first 2,840 8.9%
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 1 31,760 100.0%
English spoken most often at home 14,563 45.9%
French spoken most often at home 253 0.8%
Non-official languages spoken most often at home 16,945 53.4%

Source

The data used to create this table has been taken from Statistics Canada’s GeoSearch 2011. (Statistics Canada. 2012. GeoSearch. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-14-XWE. Ottawa, Ontario. Data updated October 24, 2012.)

Definitions

Definitions

Mother tongue:
First language learned at home during childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census. Multiple responses were distributed equally among the languages reported.
Knowledge of official languages:
Ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French. It should be noted that the data from this question focuses on self-assessment rather than actual use of language.
First official language spoken:
A derived variable taking into account the knowledge of English and French, the mother tongue and the home language. The numbers under the category “English and French” were distributed equally between the English category and the French category.
Language spoken most often at home:
Language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census. Multiple responses were equally distributed among the languages reported.

Definitions have been taken or adapted from: Statistics Canada, 2012. Census Dictionary, Census year, 2011, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-301-X2011001.

Terms and conditions

Terms and conditions

Statistics Canada has issued an advisory concerning the comparability of 2011 Census data from previous censuses regarding mother tongue and language spoken most often at home. For more information visit The Daily, 2011 Census of Population: Linguistic Characteristics of Canadians, October 24, 2012.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

After distribution of multiple responses. For more information, please see definitions section.

Return to first footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The difference between the totals of certain variables and the total responses is due to the rounding of partial numbers to whole numbers after the distribution of multiple responses. For information about the rounding methods used by Statistics Canada in its census tabulations, please see Statistics Canada, Data Quality and Confidentiality Standards and Guidelines.

Return to first footnote 2 referrer